Bone disease

How much do you know about bone disease?

Bone disease has become a problem that the world is paying attention to, because its disease is affecting younger and younger people. It is a perverted disease. In my impression, bone disease is only seen after 40 years old. Unexpectedly, more and more young people are suffering from it now. , including myself, I have a sister who is only 32 years old. She said that she had an acute lumbar disc problem when she was 28 or 9 years old. I couldn’t help but sigh, as long as it is a disease, don’t think of classifying it into that stage.

Today’s topic is some common knowledge about bone diseases

Current status of bone disease.

1. The incidence rate has exceeded the sum of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and breast cancer.

2. About 20% of patients with fractures die within one year due to various complications, and another 50% become disabled.

3. There are more than 100 million bone disease patients in our country, 70% of whom are elderly. Their quality of life has declined, their lives are seriously threatened, and in severe cases, their life spans are shortened by 10 to 15 years.

Bone diseases can also kill people! ! !

Bone disease has the characteristics of four highs and one low.

High incidence.

high risk in death.

Disability high rate.

High treatment costs.

Low quality of life.

Types of bone diseases

Mainly include: 1. Bone lesions.

1. Osteoporosis.

2. Femoral head necrosis.

3. Fractures and other injuries.

2. Joint disease.

1. Cervical and lumbar spondylosis.

2. Knee joint degeneration and bone hyperplasia.

3. Intervertebral disc herniation and spinal stenosis.

4. Various synovitis and tenosynovitis.

5. Rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, and gouty arthritis.

Causes of Bone Disease.

Theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine: The occurrence of bone diseases is mainly caused by kidney deficiency, which stores essence and controls the bones. The marrow is stored in the bone cavity and nourishes the bones. The growth and development of bones depends on the nourishment and promotion of kidney essence.

Western medicine theory: The occurrence of bone diseases is mainly caused by changes in bone physiological patterns and metabolic imbalances in osteoblasts and osteoclasts that constitute bone matrix cells.

Specifically speaking about bone diseases, analyze them from the following categories:

Cervical spondylosis and spondylosis often cause local compression of the nerves in the area, causing neck discomfort, pain in the upper or lower limbs, weakness, numbness and tingling, dizziness, headache, nausea, memory loss, and can lead to paralysis of the limbs and limbs. Symptoms such as constipation.

Lumbar spondylosis causes low back pain that radiates along the sciatic nerve to the lower limbs, partial paralysis of both lower limbs, perineal numbness and urinary and defecation dysfunction. Numbness of the lower legs, lateral dorsum of the foot, heel and lateral sole of the foot is common in older patients.

Bone disease
Bone disease

Frozen shoulder causes difficulty in arm movement, pain, numbness and pain in the upper limbs, a feeling of being unable to exert strength, and even finding that the joints are not very flexible during outdoor activities. There are various noises, such as squeaks, rattles, and friction. In an acute attack, it is manifested as persistent dull pain in the shoulder. When moving the upper arm, especially when the arm is raised above the head, the pain will become sharp and severe. At night The pain worsens and even affects sleep.

Bone disease
Bone disease

Joint bone spurs limit movement, difficulty squatting and standing, local stiffness, pain, swelling, warmth and other symptoms. You will feel pain when walking, going up and down stairs, getting up, or sitting down. Deformation of the knee joint can lead to bowed legs or even Disability.

Rheumatism and rheumatoid are characterized by symmetrical and persistent polyarticular pain, accompanied by morning stiffness, wandering pain in the body, limb deformation, redness and swelling, which may be accompanied by general discomfort and fatigue, and occasionally low-grade fever or muscle soreness in the limbs.

2. Common symptoms of bone disease.

Cervical spondylosis symptoms

Cervical spondylosis is more complicated, usually mainly neck and shoulder pain, and some may have headaches and arm pain; the shoulders and back are heavy, the muscles are hardened, the upper limbs are weak, and objects can’t be held in the hands and will fall voluntarily; the movement of the head and neck is limited, and when the eyes are closed, Rotating the head and neck to the left and right can cause migraine or dizziness, and some people may fall; the neck is stiff and hard; one side of the face is hot and sweating; some patients have stiff lower limbs, seeming not to obey instructions, or soft lower limbs, as if walking on cotton , there are also a few patients who have uncontrollable urinary and fecal dysfunction, and even quadriplegia.

Bone disease
Bone disease

Cervical spondylosis is divided into cervical type, spinal type, vertebral artery type, radicular type, sympathetic type and mixed type according to clinical manifestations.

Symptoms of cervical spondylosis:

It is relatively common and is the earliest form of cervical spondylosis. Mainly characterized by neck symptoms and mostly affects young adults. It mainly manifests as local pain, neck discomfort or limited movement.

Symptoms of cervical spondylotic myelopathy:

The incidence rate accounts for about 10% to 15% of cervical spondylosis, mostly in middle-aged and elderly people. The acute onset is mostly caused by trauma, and paraplegia or hemiplegia may occur. Most of them have a slow onset, with symptoms in the upper limbs first, numbness or inability to move the hands; or symptoms in the lower limbs first. Or there may be lower limb symptoms first, such as walking like walking on cotton.

Symptoms of vertebral artery cervical spondylosis:

The incidence rate is similar to that of spinal cord type. Dizziness, dizziness, and even falling are common. Sometimes nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, tinnitus and deafness occur. When the head and neck are in a certain position, the above can often be induced. Performance.

Symptoms of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy:

This disease has the highest incidence and is more common in people over 40 years old. First there is neck pain and stiffness in the neck, followed by pain in the shoulders, back and upper limbs, a feeling of heaviness in the upper limbs, loss of grip strength, sometimes falling objects, and numbness in the fingers.

Sympathetic type:

The clinical manifestations are more complex. Common symptoms include migraine, posterior occipital pain, blurred vision, photophobia, tearing, eyeball swelling, eyelid drooping, tinnitus, hearing impairment, facial numbness, etc.

The mixed type is another type in which two or more of the above symptoms appear at the same time.

Symptoms of lumbar spondylosis.

The typical symptoms of lumbar spondylosis are low back pain and radiating pain in the legs. However, the clinical manifestations also vary due to differences in the location, size, spinal canal diameter, pathological characteristics, body status, and individual sensitivity of the nucleus pulposus.

(1) Low back pain:

More than 95% of patients with lumbar spondylosis have this symptom. The patient feels persistent dull pain in the waist, which is relieved when lying down and worsens when standing. Generally, it can be tolerated and the waist can be moderately moved or walked slowly. The other type is sudden spasm-like pain in the waist, which is unbearable and requires bed rest. Rest seriously affects work and life.

(2) Radiating pain

Radiating pain in the lower limbs: 80% of patients experience this disease. It often appears after the low back pain has reduced or disappeared. It manifests as radiating stimulation or numbness from the waist to the back of the thighs and calves, all the way to the soles of the feet. In severe cases, it can be severe electric shock-like pain from the waist to the soles of the feet accompanied by numbness. If the pain is mild, you can walk with a limp; if the pain is severe, you need to rest in bed, like bending your waist, hips, or knees.

(3) Numbness

Numbness, coldness and intermittent claudication of the lower limbs: Numbness of the lower limbs often occurs together with pain. A few patients may present with simple numbness, and a few patients may feel coldness in the lower limbs. Mainly because the sympathetic nerve fibers in the spinal canal are stimulated indirectly. The mechanism and clinical manifestations of intermittent claudication are similar to those of lumbar spinal stenosis, which is mainly due to the pathological and physiological symptoms of secondary lumbar spinal stenosis when the nucleus pulposus herniates.

(4) Cauda equina symptoms:

Mainly seen in central nucleus pulposus herniation, which is clinically rare. Perineal numbness, tingling, and urinary and defecation dysfunction may occur. Women may experience urinary incontinence, and men may experience impotence. In severe cases, loss of control of urination and defecation and incomplete paralysis of both lower limbs may occur.

Common clinical manifestations of lumbar spondylosis

Lumbar disc herniation or bulging disease

The incidence rate among the population is 15.2%. The main cause of the disease is that various parts of the lumbar intervertebral disc, especially the nucleus pulposus, have degenerative changes to varying degrees. Under the action of various external forces, the annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral disc ruptures, and the nucleus pulposus tissue changes from the ruptured The local protrusion causes stimulation or compression of adjacent nerve roots, spinal cord, etc., resulting in symptoms such as low back pain, pain and numbness in one or both lower limbs, and even incontinence and paralysis.

Bone hyperplasia

As age increases, degenerative changes occur in the lumbar spine and surrounding soft tissues. Due to soft tissue lesions, muscle traction or avulsion, bleeding, and hematoma, spur-like bone hyperplasia will form over time; the formation of bone spurs will mechanically stimulate the soft tissue and compress the nerves, leading to edema and deformation of the nerve roots, resulting in waist and leg injuries. Pain occurs, and then it becomes a vicious cycle, and the condition continues to worsen. Bone hyperplasia needs to be treated with calcium tablets.

lumbar spinal stenosis

Clinical symptoms caused by bony or fibrous structural changes in the lumbar spinal canal due to certain reasons, leading to narrowing of one or more lumens in one segment or multiple segments, and compression of the cauda equina nerve or nerve root.

Causes of lumbar spinal stenosis

There is a main difference between congenital and acquired. Congenital spinal stenosis means that the spinal canal is congenitally narrow, which can easily cause symptoms under the same tissue degeneration and proliferation. Acquired factors include ligamentum flavum hypertrophy, vertebral bone hyperplasia, facet joint osteophytes, epidural adhesions, lumbar disc herniation, etc. caused by degeneration, injury, etc., resulting in lumbar lumen stenosis. This condition is most commonly caused by ligamentum flavum hypertrophy and lumbar disc herniation.

Numbness of hands and feet caused by lumbar spondylosis

What deserves vigilance is the numbness of the hands and feet caused by lumbar spondylosis, which is numbness of the upper limbs and legs caused by lumbar intervertebral disc disease. This scattered numbness of the limbs occurs when local nerves are stimulated, such as lumbar spondylosis, lumbar disc herniation, etc. Nerve compression by the lumbar disc can cause inconvenience in human movement and even incontinence of urine and feces. This kind of disease belongs to the category of lumbar spondylosis. Depending on the situation, you need to go to a lumbar spine specialist for treatment, take a CT or MRI, and the expert will designate a treatment plan after diagnosis. At present, the most common treatment method is multi-component minimally invasive treatment. Of course, you can also choose conservative treatment, which can be solved by applying plaster.

Numbness in the hands and feet caused by the lumbar spine may be caused by bone hyperplasia in the lumbar vertebrae that compresses the lumbar spinal nerves, causing numbness in the hands and feet. If the lumbar spinal cord is indeed compressed, traction or drugs for treating bone hyperplasia and neurotrophic drugs can be used. If the compression is severe, drugs Treatment, if conservative treatment is ineffective, multi-dimensional minimally invasive treatment should be used. In more serious cases, surgical treatment should be considered.

If the numbness of the hands and feet is caused by nerve damage, the choice of drug treatment or surgical treatment should be based on the extent and nature of the nerve damage. Drug treatment is usually combined with acupuncture and physiotherapy.

frozen shoulder symptoms

1. Shoulder pain:

Paroxysmal pain at first, mostly chronic attacks, and then the pain gradually intensifies or becomes dull or knife-like. Changes in climate, exertion, or accidental impact often make the pain worse. It is a characteristic of this disease that it is lighter during the day and more severe at night.

2. Limited movement of the shoulder joint:

The movement of the shoulder joint is limited in the entire direction. As the disease progresses, it is even difficult to complete actions such as combing hair, dressing, washing face, and placing arms on hips. Especially in severe cases, the function of the elbow joint may also be limited. When bending the elbow, the hand cannot touch the shoulder on the same side, especially when the arm is extended back, the elbow bending movement cannot be completed.

3. Afraid of cold:

People with symptoms on their shoulders are more afraid of the cold. Even in summer, they dare not let the wind blow on their shoulders.

4. Tenderness:

Many people can feel obvious tenderness points around the shoulder joint.

5. Muscle spasm and atrophy:

Muscles around the shoulder such as the deltoid and supraspinatus may experience spasm in the early stage, and muscle atrophy may occur in the later stage. It will be inconvenient to lift the acromion process upwards, and it will also be inconvenient to bend backward. Typical symptom. But the pain symptoms were relieved at this time.

6. Physical examination:

There is mild atrophy of the deltoid muscle, spasm of the trapezius muscle, and obvious tenderness in the supraspinatus tendon, long biceps tendon, short head tendon, and front and rear edges of the deltoid muscle. The abduction, external rotation, and extension of the shoulder joint are most obviously restricted. A small number of people are restricted in adduction and internal rotation, but the forward flexion is less restricted.

For those who are older or have a longer course of disease, osteoporosis in the shoulder, supraspinatus tendon, and subacromial bursa calcification can be seen on plain X-ray films.

Symptoms of lumbar disc herniation

1. Pain in the lower back.

2. Radiating pain in the lower limbs, because lumbar disc herniation often occurs in the 4th to 5th or 5th sacral intervertebral space in the waist, which is the root of the sciatic nerve. Therefore, most patients with lumbar disc herniation have sciatica, or it starts from the buttocks and gradually radiates to the posterior and lateral thighs, the dorsum of the lateral calves, the lateral soles of the feet, and the toes. Central herniation often causes bilateral sciatica. When the intra-abdominal pressure increases, such as coughing, sneezing, urinating or defecating, the radiating pain in the lower limbs will worsen.

3. Abnormal numbness and abnormal lumbar disc herniation, causing local compression or pulling and compression of the nerve root contact area. It is the compression and deformation of the fibers and blood vessels of the nerve root itself that leads to ischemia and hypoxia, which causes pain and numbness in the legs. It can also cause chills in the lower limbs, weakening of the dorsalis pedis artery, etc.

4. Muscle paralysis. If the lumbar disc herniation compresses nerves for a long time, it may cause nerve paralysis or muscle paralysis. Some may also cause intermittent claudication, scoliosis, etc. These phenomena can easily bring a lot of inconvenience to patients, and some may even lose their ability to exercise.

Symptoms of joint bone spurs

Bone warts do not necessarily cause symptoms. It depends on whether there is pressure on the nerve roots or spine. If not, there will be no uncomfortable symptoms. On the contrary, if the bone spur happens to compress the nearby nerve roots or the spine, you may have symptoms such as stiffness, inability to bend flexibly, pain, redness and swelling, numbness, joint deformation, and muscle weakness.

The human spine is prone to degeneration after long-term and repeated use. Due to age, middle-aged and elderly people are more likely to develop bone spurs than young people. However, as life and work patterns change, some working groups have to stand or sit for long periods of time in the same posture or have incorrect postures and repeatedly use certain joints, such as housewives, teachers, financial workers, and computer workers. Factory workers, etc., may cause excessive wear and tear on the bones and soft tissues of joints due to overuse and improper use. Therefore, bone spurs can happen to everyone.

Main pain characteristics caused by bone warts

1. Soreness in the neck and back of the cervical spine, pain in the arms, and numbness in the fingers.

2. Pain in the lumbar spine limits movement. After resting in a sitting position, you need to move gently before you can stand up and walk.

3. The knee joint is swollen, painful and weak. When you get up in the morning or stand up after sitting and resting, the local area becomes stiff and sore, and you cannot walk immediately. The symptoms worsen when you go up and down stairs or walk too much. People with effusion have difficulty squatting and standing up. , severe pain at night affects sleep

Rheumatism, rheumatoid symptoms

Rheumatoid arthritis is a manifestation of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a systemic allergic disease caused by infection with group A hemolytic streptococci. Patients with this type of rheumatoid arthritis have hemolytic symptoms 1 to 4 weeks before the onset of the disease. Upper respiratory tract infections caused by Streptococcus usually occur after a cold, such as strep throat, tonsillitis and other upper respiratory tract infections. Rheumatic fever will appear 2 to 3 weeks later. The germs will leave many traces after circulating in the body, and can reach the joints, heart, The skin can cause rheumatic arthritis, rheumatic heart disease, annular erythema on the skin, and subcutaneous nodules. These are all manifestations of rheumatic fever in various parts of the body.

This type of rheumatoid arthritis manifests as migratory joint pain, mainly affecting large joints such as knees, ankles, elbows, wrists, shoulders, etc., and can invade multiple joints. In severe cases, the local lesions may appear red, swollen, hot, painful, and disease-like. It will not cause joint deformation after remission, but can recur. That is very sensitive to weather changes. It mostly occurs in the rainy season in winter and spring. People are afraid of wind and cold. The joints are sore, cold, swollen and swollen. The onset and aggravation of the disease are caused by obvious humidity and cold. factor.

People usually understand the word “rheumatism” literally. “Wind” means wind-cold, and “dampness” means moisture. Therefore, rheumatoid arthritis is a logical progression. In addition to arthritis induced by wind-cold and moisture, disease changes are closely related to the weather. Joint pain often worsens before the weather turns cold or rains, and it is very accurate in predicting weather changes. In fact, this type of rheumatoid arthritis belongs to the traditional Chinese medicine category of rheumatism-cold joint pain.

Common causes of bone disease

Causes of cervical spondylosis

1. Strain:

Keeping the head and neck in a single posture for a long time, such as working with the head down for a long time, is prone to cervical spondylosis. Cervical spondylosis patients under 30 years old are mostly engaged in work with the head down.

2. Head and neck trauma:

50% of myeloid cervical spondylosis is related to neck trauma. In some patients, the cervical spinal canal is in a critical state of stenosis due to cervical bone hyperplasia, cervical disc bulging, intraspinal soft tissue lesions, etc., and neck trauma Often induce symptoms.

3. Bad posture:

Such as lying in bed watching TV, reading, raising pillows, sleeping in a sitting position, etc. Sleeping on a sleeping car has poor muscle protection while sleeping, and neck injuries are prone to occur when braking.

4. Chronic infection:

Mainly pharyngitis, followed by dental caries, periodontitis, otitis media, etc. Inflammation in these areas stimulates the soft tissue of the neck or causes soft tissue lesions in the cervical spine through the enrichment of the lymphatic system. Some people believe that chronic throat infection is an important factor in the pathogenesis of cervical spondylosis, and it may be the reason why it seriously interacts with chronic strain of soft tissue and aggravates the condition.

5. Rheumatism and cold factors:

Rheumatism and cold factors in the external environment can reduce the body’s tolerance to pain, cause muscle spasm, constrict small blood vessels, slow down lymphatic return, and cause blood circulation disorders in soft tissues, followed by aseptic inflammation. Therefore, rheumatism and cold factors are not only inducements, but can also be used as causes to cause lesions and symptoms.

6. Dysplasia of cervical spine structure:

congenital small spinal canal, cervical spine degeneration, etc. are the basis for the onset of some cervical spondylosis. According to foreign statistics, 25% of those aged 40 to 50 have degeneration, and 85.5% of those aged over 55 have degeneration. The central spinal canal and nerve root canal of the cervical spine.

Causes of lumbar spondylosis

The most basic cause of this disease is degenerative changes in the lumbar intervertebral discs. Normal intervertebral discs are elastic and tough, have strong pressure resistance, and can withstand 450 kilograms of pressure without damage. However, after the age of 20, the intervertebral disc begins to gradually degenerate, the water content of the nucleus pulposus gradually decreases, and the elasticity and load resistance of the intervertebral disc also decrease. In this case, due to the action of various loads, the intervertebral disc is prone to stress The largest part, that is, the rear part of the annulus fibrosus, creates a crack from the inside out. On this basis, certain factors can induce the rupture of the annulus fibrosus, leading to the protrusion or prolapse of the nucleus pulposus tissue.

The more common triggering factors include:

1. Increased abdominal pressure, such as severe coughing, straining to defecate during constipation, etc.

2. Improper waist posture. When the waist is in a flexed position, sudden rotation may easily induce nucleus pulposus herniation.

3. Sudden weight bearing, without adequate preparation, suddenly increases the load on the waist, which can easily cause nucleus pulposus herniation.

4. Waist trauma. Acute trauma can affect structures such as the annulus fibrosus cartilage plate and cause the degenerated nucleus pulposus to bulge.

5. Occupational reasons, such as car drivers sitting in a bumpy state for a long time, can easily induce intervertebral disc herniation.

6. Rheumatism and cold are also an important factor.

Causes of frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder is mostly unilateral, with the left side more common than the right side, and a few patients can have both sides at the same time. The age of frozen shoulder is consistent with the age of serious degeneration of the shoulder joint. There is a history of shoulder injury or local external fixation, a history of cold, a history of hemiplegia, and there are also cases where the disease occurs without any reason.

Causes of joint bone spurs

What is the cause of the formation of osteoarthritis (bone spurs)?

1. Liver and kidney deficiency. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the kidneys store essence and govern the bones, while the liver stores blood and governs tendons. If the kidney essence is sufficient and the liver blood is sufficient, the muscles and bones will be strong and the joints flexible. In middle-aged and elderly people, physiological functions decline, liver and kidney essence and blood are insufficient, resulting in muscle and bone malnutrition, and osteoarthritis is prone to occur over time.

2. Feeling of external evil, weak internal organs, weak external defense, invasion of wind, cold and dampness by taking advantage of deficiency, affecting the movement of qi and blood. Blockage of menstrual qi is also a common cause of osteoarthritis.

3. Chronic strain, often engaged in work such as lowering the head, bending over, standing for a long time, etc., resulting in poor circulation of Qi and blood meridians, congestion and blockage, leading to nutritional disorders of muscles, tendons, bones and collaterals, and local damage, resulting in pain, difficulty in joint flexion and extension, and difficulty in moving. disorders and other clinical manifestations.

4. Stumble, thump, and thump. Due to violent trauma or excessive force on the affected area, the meridians are damaged, resulting in poor circulation of Qi and blood, stagnation, and osteoarthritis.

5. Congenital malformations. Some patients have bone and joint deformities. Although they have no symptoms when they are young and strong, after middle age, due to physical weakness, fatigue or exposure to external evil, lesions are prone to occur in the deformed parts. In addition, the onset may also be related to factors such as body metabolism.

Causes of rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid and rheumatism have some similarities, such as the external causes of wind, cold, dampness and joint pain, but they are essentially different.

The causes are different. Rheumatism is mostly called wind-cold-damp joint pain. Most of the rheumatic diseases in cold areas are this type of rheumatism. Most of them can be cured if they involve the heart without destroying the bones. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, rheumatism is a cold paralysis syndrome, while rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing syndrome are Spondylitis is a heat paralysis syndrome. Even if there are symptoms of chills, it is true heat, false cold, or internal heat and external cold. A few patients with rheumatic fever are caused by streptococcus infection, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease.

The dangers of common bone diseases

The dangers of cervical spondylosis

1. Cervical spondylosis can cause difficulty swallowing

The upper end of the esophagus is adjacent to the sixth cervical vertebra. Hyperplasia of the sixth cervical vertebra will compress and irritate the esophagus, and even cause inflammation and edema around the esophagus, resulting in a foreign body sensation when eating.

2. Cervical spondylosis can cause abdominal distension and constipation

In some patients with cervical spondylosis, the adjacent cervical sympathetic nerves are stimulated and damaged, and the sensations are transmitted to the brain. The excitability of the relevant nerves is enhanced, which slows down the gastrointestinal peristalsis of the internal organs controlled by them, resulting in abdominal distension and constipation.

3. Cervical spondylosis can cause tachycardia

Cervical spondylosis causes heart discomfort, mainly due to the stimulation of the fourth nerve root by cervical bone hyperplasia, which is related to the sudden change in the position of the neck.

4. Cervical spondylosis can cause paralysis

Partial myelopathy or mixed other types of cervical spondylosis mainly with myelopathy, due to lack of systematic and good treatment, the causative factors cannot be eliminated. As the disease develops, irreversible pathological changes such as spinal cord degeneration and liquefaction will occur, and then paralysis will occur. It is inevitable.

5. Cervical spondylosis can cause high blood pressure

High blood pressure caused by cervical spondylosis is called “cervicogenic hypertension”. The carotid sinus is located in the middle and lower section in front of the 6th transverse process of the neck. When the transverse processes 4 to 6 of the neck are misaligned, the muscles in front of the transverse processes are tense or the transverse processes are bonyly displaced or the uncinate vertebrae joints are misaligned, causing tension in the scalene fascia, which can restrict and stimulate the carotid artery and cause blood pressure fluctuations. Sudden blood pressure is common. elevated, sometimes lower than normal. Patients are often accompanied by dizziness or vertigo, a stiff neck, and heaviness and discomfort in the shoulders and back. If multiple joints of the cervical vertebra are dislocated, it may be accompanied by chest tightness, shortness of breath or irregular heartbeat.

The upper cervical sympathetic ganglion is attached to the front of the proximal 2~3 transverse processes or the 2~4 diameter transverse processes. The cervical vertebrae are dislocated, causing the transverse processes to shift or the cervical vertebrae to dislocate. Aseptic inflammation caused by injury can lead to stimulation of sympathetic postganglionic fibers and cerebral vasospasm. If this stimulation persists, it will secondaryly affect the central function of cerebral vasoconstriction and develop into systemic arteriolar spasm, causing blood pressure to continue to rise. High, most patients often have headaches and dizziness.

Major dangers of lumbar spondylosis

1. Waist pain

Most patients have a history of low back pain for several weeks or months, and will have a history of recurring low back pain attacks. The severity of low back pain varies. In severe cases, it can affect turning over or sitting up. Symptoms are generally relieved after resting. Coughing, sneezing, or straining during defecation can aggravate the pain.

2. Lumbar mobility impairment

Lumbar movement will be affected in all aspects, with hindrance being the most obvious. A few patients are significantly limited in forward bending, and some may experience sciatic nerve or radiating pain in one lower limb, which affects standing and walking due to radiating pain.

3. Radiating pain in lower limbs

Radiating pain in the sciatic nerve area of ​​one lower limb is the main symptom of this disease. It often occurs when the low back pain disappears or is relieved. The pain starts from the buttocks and gradually radiates to the back of the thigh and the outside of the calf. Some may develop to the heel or sole of the foot on the outside of the instep. Affects standing and walking. If the protrusion is in the center, it is a symptom of the cauda equina. If the protrusion is bilateral, the radiation may be bilateral or alternating.

4. Subjective numbness

5. Coldness in lower limbs

6. Scoliosis

7. Muscle atrophy

8. Intermittent claudication

The dangers of frozen shoulder

If frozen shoulder continues day by day, the shoulder that originally only hurts when moving becomes inexhaustible pain even during sleep at night, affecting sleep.

In the end, the patient’s symptoms have seriously affected daily life. The shoulder joint cannot be raised, and the ladies cannot comb their hair, button their skirts, or hang their clothes while holding on to the handrails of the subway car. Over time, the muscle strength of the affected limb gradually deteriorates. If Being right-hand and suffering from frozen shoulder may cause considerable inconvenience to daily life.

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