Pregnancy

When you are pregnant for the first time, what should you pay attention to?

Pregnancy is a more sensitive period for mothers and requires more attention than normal people. The substances that a pregnant mother eats, drinks, and inhales will enter the fetus, starting when the mother is pregnant.

Precautions during early pregnancy

EARLY SIGNS OF PREGNANCY
EARLY SIGNS OF PREGNANCY

1. Moderate sexual life

In the early stages of pregnancy, you should pay attention to restraint and avoid having conjugal life, and try to live apart from each other, because early pregnancy is the most likely to cause miscarriage. Avoiding conjugal life has a certain effect on preventing miscarriage in a steady state.

2. Avoid excessive physical labor and strenuous exercise

Newly pregnant women should not engage in heavy physical labor such as carrying water or carrying heavy objects, and should not engage in strenuous exercise such as running or dancing. Excessive physical labor and strenuous exercise may cause miscarriage. You can take a walk, sweep the floor, and do some simple and relaxing exercises.

3. Get enough sleep

In the early stages of pregnancy, pregnant women should arrange their work and rest schedules reasonably, maintain adequate sleep, and should not stay up late frequently, as this will also cause fetal development.

4. Maintain a good mood

You should also pay attention to your emotions in the early stages of pregnancy, because the mental and emotional state of pregnant women is very unstable. This is why the husband should be considerate of his wife and be patient and take care of her. Don’t let the wife get too emotional, which will affect the growth and development of the fetus and cause miscarriage.

5. Take medications with caution

Taking medications carefully is also something you should pay attention to in early pregnancy. Taking medications indiscriminately in the early stages of pregnancy can lead to fetal malformations. If you must take medication due to a serious condition, you must take the medication carefully under the guidance of a doctor.

6. Keep away from pets

Pregnant women in the early stages of pregnancy should be careful to stay away from household pets such as cats and dogs. They can stay with relatives first, because if they come into contact with pets or are bitten and scratched by pets, germs and parasites from pets will cause fetal diseases once they infect the fetus. Deformities and death, so keep away from pets.

7. Pay attention to personal hygiene and cleanliness

Leucorrhea will increase after pregnancy, so you should prepare special clean towels and basins to clean your vagina every day, and change your underwear frequently. This can prevent vaginal infection and inflammation from harming the fetus.

8. Avoid taking X-rays

Be careful not to take X-rays during early pregnancy. Even if pregnancy is confirmed, you can use pregnancy testing tools such as pregnancy test sticks to test. Do not take multiple X-rays on your own, as this can lead to fetal malformation and death.

Precautions during the second trimester

Precautions during the second trimester
Precautions during the second trimester

1. Control your weight

You must control your weight during the second trimester and never gain too much, otherwise it will be difficult to give birth if the fetus is too large. The heavier you are, the more likely you are to suffer from diseases such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure, which are not conducive to the growth and development of the fetus.

The heavier a pregnant woman is, the more detrimental it is to her own recovery. The ideal weight gain is 2 kilograms in the first trimester, 5 kilograms each in the second and third trimesters. If you gain more than 20 kilograms during the entire pregnancy or the pregnant woman weighs more than 80 kilograms, it is a danger signal!

2. Pay attention to constipation

Due to the effect of relaxin secreted by the body after pregnancy , pregnant mothers’ gastrointestinal motility slows down and their digestion ability weakens, making them prone to constipation.

3. Pay attention to preventing stretch marks

60%-90% of pregnant women will develop stretch marks, so preventive measures must be taken. The most useful way is to control your weight! You can also use products that can effectively repair and prevent stretch marks to help maintain skin elasticity.

How to treat constipation during pregnancy ?

Eat more fruits, vegetables and grains

Pregnant women often have difficulty defecating due to eating too refined foods, so they should eat more vegetables, fruits and whole grains that are rich in fiber, such as celery, green leafy vegetables, radishes, melons, apples, bananas, pears, oats, mixed beans, and brown rice. wait.

High fiber diet

Don’t eat spicy food, but eat more fiber-rich foods, such as apples, radishes, celery and other vegetables, bananas, pears and other fruits, beans, etc.

Defecate regularly

The urge to defecate is most likely to occur every morning and after each meal, and it is best to have a bowel movement when you wake up in the morning. After getting up, drink a glass of warm water on an empty stomach before eating breakfast to promote the upright reflex and gastrocolic reflex after getting up . In this way, the urge to defecate will soon arise, and long-term inspection will form a good habit of defecation in the morning.

Precautions during late pregnancy

Precautions during late pregnancy
Precautions during late pregnancy

1. Pay attention to sleeping posture

Doctors recommend sleeping on the left side in the third trimester of pregnancy, which can correct the right rotation of the enlarged uterus and reduce the pressure of the uterus on the abdominal aorta and iliac artery , which is beneficial to the growth and development of the fetus and eugenics.

But many people think that it must only be in this position and dare not change the position, which makes them very uncomfortable. But in fact, the correct sleeping position is not lying on the left side at 90 degrees, but on the left side at 15-30 degrees . Sleeping on the left side at 90 degrees is actually more uncomfortable, so you can also use a U-shaped pillow for pregnant women.

2. Train for prenatal exercise in advance

In order to have a smooth delivery, prenatal midwifery exercises can be carried out as reminder training in the third trimester of pregnancy, which is very helpful. It should be noted that many movements help open the pelvis. If you have placenta previa/low-lying placenta in the third trimester of pregnancy , you cannot practice it.

The action can be cat-style lying forward , which is very suitable for reducing pressure on the body and pelvis, or deep squats, which are the most recommended actions by doctors. Be careful not to squat too deep during pregnancy, your knees should not go past your toes, and your knees should face the direction of your toes. Do about 10 reps each time, which is a good way to exercise the strength of your lower body.

3. Pay attention to preparing the maternity package in advance

The maternity package must be prepared a few days before the pregnancy and delivery, including baby supplies and some important items for admission. Preparing a maternity package is not about the more the better, but about reasonable planning to avoid waste.

4. Prepare maternal and child health handbooks and sanitary napkins

The Maternal and Infant Health Handbook records the entire pregnancy process, so it should be carried along with the medical records before delivery and when going out. Sanitary napkins can come in handy when water breaks before delivery, redness occurs, and when lochia is discharged after delivery . However, they are generally not use during the entire pregnancy. So it is best to buy them in the third trimester to avoid increasing the probability of contamination.

early pregnancy sign
6 common symptoms in early pregnancy. Pregnant mothers should pay attention to them. If severe, they may harm pregnant women and fetuses.

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