What is rosacea? symptoms , cause and treatment

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease in which blood vessels in the skin dilate. The onset of the disease will lead to blood vessel congestion or papules, and sometimes pimples similar to acne will appear. When the disease occurs, it will appear on the cheeks, nose, forehead, chin and other parts of the body. It also develops quickly and can break out on a large scale, mostly due to alcohol poisoning. , it is necessary to carry out timely and reasonable treatment, and be careful not to use medicine indiscriminately.

Many people in life suffer from symptoms of depression because of rosacea. The occurrence of rosacea has seriously affected the physical and mental health development of patients. For this reason, in daily life, when faced with rosacea, If it happens, we must pay close attention to it. So, what is rosacea?

Chronic inflammation

Rosacea is actually a chronic inflammation and dilation of blood vessels in the skin, which can lead to blood vessel congestion or the appearance of papules. Sometimes it can also cause acne-like pimples and large-scale outbreaks on the face. Rosacea usually appears on areas such as the cheeks and nose, but it can also appear on the forehead and chin. Unfortunately, the pathology of rosacea is still not understood so far, and researchers have been unable to discover the true cause of rosacea.

The initial onset of rosacea usually manifests as concentrated, obvious congestion on the face. If this congestion is not effectively controlled, the capillaries in the skin can break, leaving an indelible red color on the epidermis. The skin of some people with rosacea swells and thickens, and if this occurs in the area around the nose, it can produce bulbous rhinophyma, which is common in some people with alcoholic rosacea, also known as rhinophyma. Rosacea. Some patients also experience a stinging and gritty sensation in their eyes. Rosacea sometimes appears as pustules on the skin, so it is often mistaken for acne. This skin condition can be extremely uncomfortable for patients as it affects their appearance, and erosion can be emotionally depressing and take a toll on their self-confidence.

The occurrence of rosacea has brought very serious harm to the healthy skin of patients. If not treated in time, more serious consequences may occur. Therefore, in daily life, everyone is concerned about the occurrence of rosacea. We must pay great attention to it, cooperate with the doctor’s examination and treatment in time, and never use medicine without authorization.

common symptoms of rosacea

Rosacea is generally divided into three stages based on the progression of the disease.

The first stage is also call the erythema stage. It manifests as persistent moderate erythema on the face, accompanied by scattered telangiectasia . Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea;


The second stage is also called the papulopustular stage. Papulopustular rosacea manifests as persistent erythema on the face, accompanied by massive telangiectasia, papules, and pustules;


The third stage is also called the rhinophyma stage. Persistent dark erythema on the nose and face, dense capillary dilation, and radial distribution of blood vessels, especially in the nose. Accompanied by papules and pustules, there may even be varying degrees of patchy swelling and nodules.

Special classification – eye type: Up to 50% of rosacea patients may have eye symptoms, which include foreign body sensation, burning or stinging sensation in the eyes, dryness, itching, photosensitivity, blurred vision , and the sclera and sclera can be seen. Telangiectasia or periorbital edema in other locations.

Choosing the right cosmetics and using them correctly can help maintain skin health and beauty, but what are the consequences of incorrect use? The lack of obvious skin care effects is second to none. Once an adverse reaction occurs to cosmetics, it will cause damage to your personal skin health. In severe cases, it will affect your appearance, mood, and social interactions. Only by understanding cosmetics can we choose and use them correctly.

Cause of rosacea

Rosacea generally refers to acne, which is mainly cause by endocrine disorders, abnormal keratinization of pilosebaceous glands, infection and other factors. It is recommended that patients should go to the hospital in time to determine the cause and provide treatment to avoid delaying the condition.

1. Endocrine disorders

The occurrence of acne may be related to the strong secretion of androgens. When the level of androgens in the body increases, the sebaceous glands will secrete a large amount of sebum, which accumulates in the sebaceous gland ducts, causing the hair follicles to become clogged and triggering the occurrence of acne. At this time, you can follow the doctor’s advice to apply erythromycin ointment, fusidic acid cream and other drugs locally for treatment. Patients should maintain a regular schedule in daily life, avoid staying up late, ensure adequate sleep, and maintain a happy mood.

2. Abnormal keratinization of pilosebaceous glands

Abnormal keratosis of pilosebaceous glands is a chronic disease of pilosebaceous glands. Its causes are mainly related to genetics. In a few patients, it is cause by vitamin A deficiency and other factors. The main symptoms of patients are greasy papules on the face. Chest and back, and skin lesions include acne, pustules, nodules, cysts, etc. There may be keratin plugs in the skin lesions, accompanied by symptoms such as enlarged pores and blocked sebaceous gland duct openings. Patients can follow the doctor’s advice to apply topical retinoic acid cream, benzoyl peroxide gel and other medications for treatment. Patients can also take isotretinoin soft capsules, spironolactone tablets and other medications as directed by their doctor.

3. Infection

When Propionibacterium acnes is infect. It will cause an inflammatory reaction in the skin, keratinize the pilosebaceous gland ducts, and cause red papules and pustules to appear on the skin, thus forming erythema and acne. At this time, the patient can apply erythromycin ointment, fusidic acid cream and other medications as directed by the doctor. Patients can also take oral minocycline hydrochloride capsules, doxycycline hydrochloride tablets and other medications as directed by their doctor.

In addition to the above common factors, it may also be cause by improper medication. You should go to the hospital in time to complete relevant examinations. Need to clarify the cause and then carry out targeted treatment.

Rosacea treatment

Rosacea generally cannot be completely cure. While treatments are available to reduce symptoms and control the condition, there is rarely a complete cure for acne. Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. That is often cause by a variety of factors, including excess oil, bacterial infection, and skin inflammation.

Although a variety of treatments exist. Such as oral and topical medications, topical cleansing, and care. Their effectiveness varies from person to person, and relapses sometimes occur. There is no guarantee that every patient will be completely acne-free.

Some factors also increase the risk of acne recurrence, such as lifestyle, eating habits, mental stress, etc. During the treatment process, in addition to drug treatment, good living habits and mental health are also important.

Understanding these can help you take proactive prevention and management measures to avoid the negative health effects of rosacea. Patients should work closely with their doctor and adopt a treatment plan that is right for them to maximize control and management of rosacea.

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