Types of fractures

Why do fractures require surgery? types of fractures

As a common bone injury, the treatment concept and technology of fractures are constantly developing with the progress of medicine. In the past, conservative treatment, such as plaster fixation and external application of Chinese medicine, was the main means of treating fractures. However, in recent years, with the rapid development of modern medicine, especially orthopedic surgery technology, the treatment concept of fractures has gradually shifted to early reduction, fixation and rehabilitation, and minimally invasive and personalized fracture surgery has also become increasingly popular. Let’s know Different types of fractures

Different types of fractures
Different types of fractures

From conservative treatment to surgery: the change of fracture treatment concept

Although traditional conservative treatment methods can promote fracture healing, they have some disadvantages that cannot be ignored. For example, the plaster fixation time is long, the patient’s activities are limited, and it is easy to cause complications such as muscle atrophy and joint stiffness, which affects the quality of life. In addition, conservative treatment is not ideal for some complex fractures, and may even lead to abnormal healing of fractures, affecting the recovery of limb function.

Compared with conservative treatment, modern medicine places more emphasis on early reduction and fixation of fractures, as well as early functional exercise. A large number of studies have shown that early surgical intervention after fracture can more accurately restore the anatomical alignment of the fracture ends, provide a stable mechanical environment, and facilitate rapid fracture healing and functional recovery. In addition, early surgery can reduce soft tissue damage, reduce the risk of infection, shorten hospital stay, and reduce the economic burden on patients.

Minimally invasive technology: leading the innovation of fracture treatment

Minimally invasive technology is an important development direction of modern medicine. Its application in the field of fracture treatment has brought good news to patients. Compared with traditional surgery, minimally invasive surgery has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, and faster recovery. It can effectively reduce the pain of patients and improve the treatment effect.

Currently, the commonly used minimally invasive fracture surgery methods include:

Closed reduction and internal fixation : Through a small incision in the skin. The broken bones are reposition and fix with internal fixators such as plates and screws.

Minimally invasive percutaneous plate fixation (MIPO) : Through a tiny incision on the skin. A special plate is insert into the fracture site for fixation without exposing the fracture ends, minimizing surgical trauma.

Intramedullary nail fixation : The fracture is fix by inserting an intramedullary nail through the bone marrow cavity. It has the advantages of firm fixation, less trauma, and is conducive to early functional training.

Personalized treatment: meeting the different needs of patients

Each fracture patient has different conditions, physical conditions, ages, occupations, etc. Therefore, modern medicine emphasizes the development of personalized treatment plans based on the individual conditions of the patient. For example, for high-risk groups such as the elderly and diabetics. Minimally invasive surgery should be give priority to reduce surgical risks. For special occupational groups such as athletes, more target treatment plans need to be develop base. On the characteristics of their sports to maximize their recovery of motor function.

Different types of fractures

Early rehabilitation: the key to promoting functional recovery

Early functional exercise after fracture is crucial for restoring limb function. Modern medicine believes that functional exercise should be perform as early as possible to prevent complications such as muscle atrophy and joint stiffness. While ensuring the stability of the fracture. The method of early functional exercise should be select according to factors such as the location, type, and surgical method of the fracture. Follow the principle of gradual progress to gradually increase the amount of activity and load.

In summary, the concept of fracture treatment has shifted from traditional conservative treatment to modern early reduction. Fixation and rehabilitation, and minimally invasive and personalized fracture surgical treatment has become the mainstream trend. In the future, with the continuous development of medical technology. Fracture treatment will be more accurate and effective, bringing patients a better treatment experience and more ideal treatment results.

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